Free IELTS General Training Reading test 2 Section 3

Go back to Section 1 | Go back to Section 2

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 2 Section 3Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

Section 3:

Weakness of the school system

A. By attempting to fit in as much as possible, the school day is continually being added to. In many ways, this would appear to be a good idea, as our knowledge and understanding of the world is always growing and it would seem logical to incorporate this into schools. The reality, however, has some decided drawbacks. There is a growing feeling amongst many that the modern school curriculum, in an effort to teach as many varied subjects as possible, is actually teaching students less. It seems that by constantly adding to what should be taught in the classroom, the classes are less focused, not offering the deeper learning that institutions perhaps should.

B. With classes sometimes only 30 minutes long, the overwhelming amount of information teachers are required to present often only gives students time to learn facts, not to think in any great detail about what they are being presented with. The problem is that students are not getting the opportunity to absorb what they are being taught as the curriculum expands in order to keep what has already been taught and supplement it with everything new that comes along. The weaknesses of such a system are clear – well informed though such students may be, there is the risk of an increasing number of graduates who have no real creative or intellectual ability. By denying students the opportunity to sit and think their way through problems, or even consider their own opinion, some schools are not always providing a truly educational atmosphere. There are, of course, certain aspects of education which need to be taught by simply inputting the information. Basic mathematics, for example. But there are many other subjects which could be best learned by having an opportunity to think and discuss what is being taught. Literature, writing and the social sciences are good examples of subjects which cannot be considered as ‘covered’ by a mass of information without the opportunity to discuss, debate or consider meaning or implications. There are also important social skills to be learned during such periods of open discussion, skills which are not addressed by an endless flow of teacher-centred information.

C. Teachers themselves have also voiced concerns about the amount of information they are required to impress upon their students. There is a feeling in many educational establishments that students are no longer being educated, but taught how to pass tests. In a world where academic success is too often measured by examination results, this is a serious concern. If there is too much information to simply be memorised and not enough time to truly assimilate it, what happens to students who fail to meet the grade? By current standards, they are failures, yet they may have great potential in areas not covered by the test and there are many students who, despite clear intellectual ability, simply do not perform well in tests. Again, the problem is one of focus, as education authorities are looking at the outcome of schooling rather than the content presented in the class.

D. It is here that many teachers feel the situation could be addressed at a local level. By giving more discretion to teachers, school courses could be tailored to suit the students rather than tailoring students to meet ever-expanding course requirements. In addition, by running a curriculum that gives options rather than defines an entire course, considerably more freedom would be possible. As it is, progression through most primary and secondary schools is regimented, and there is little room for students to identify and develop their own skills and strengths. If material could be chosen on the basis of its merits rather than simply because it has been put in the curriculum, then what is selected may be taught to a depth that would serve some purpose. There is, of course, a counter-argument, which claims that such open guidelines could lead to vast differences in standards between schools. What one teacher may see as essential for a student’s education, another may see as irrelevant, and this will result in students with widely different educational strengths.

E. With such a high-pressure learning environment, there are also a number of social aspects to schooling which need to be considered. The increased student workload cannot be covered in the classroom alone for the simple reason that there is not enough time in the average school week, and much of this extra workload has been pushed into the realm of homework. At its best, homework should be the opportunity to look in greater detail at what has been studied. In other words, to actually think about it and its relevance. The reality, however, is often very different. Concerned parents and overextended students are finding that homework is taking an increasingly large part of a student’s evening, cutting into time many feel should be spent as part of a child’s social education. Other social pressures have compounded the situation, as many of the areas of educating a young child which should be the responsibility of the parents have ill-advisedly become the school’s responsibility. Drug awareness and health issues, for example, are occupying an increasingly large part of the school day.

F. Many people believe that we should be teaching less, but teaching it better, and it is here that they think a solution can be found. Yet the process of rewriting a curriculum to incorporate only that which is essential but can be well learned would take far longer than most educational authorities have, and would be considered by many to be a ‘regressive’ step. Changes in the curriculum have largely been motivated by changes in the nature of employment, as job mobility demands that people know something about considerably more areas than were traditionally necessary. A little about a lot allows for the job mobility which has become so common. No matter what the final verdict may be, one thing is for sure – change will be slow, and not always for the best.

Questions 27 – 40

Questions 27 – 32

Choose the most suitable headings for sections A–F from the list below. Use each heading once only.

  1. A question of time
  2. Lack of teacher training
  3. Student success
  4. The argument for flexibility
  5. Importance of teaching experience
  6. Extra-curricular pressures
  7. The benefits of a varied curriculum
  8. Imbalanced focus
  9. Over-reliance on examinations
  10. Quality of quantity?
  1. Section A     Show answerX
  2. Section B     Show answerVIII
  3. Section C     Show answerIX
  4. Section D     Show answerIV
  5. Section E     Show answerVI
  6. Section F     Show answerI

Questions 23 – 37

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer?

In boxes 33 -37 on your answer sheet write

Write YES if the statement agrees with the writer
NO if the statement does not agree with the writer
NOT GIVEN if there is no information about this in the passage

  1. Classes are often too short.     Show answerNOT GIVEN
  2. No subjects can be comprehensively learned without time to discuss and debate the facts.     Show answerNO
  3. Tests are a fair measure of ability.     Show answerNO
  4. Schools are trying to be responsible for too many aspects of a child’s education.     Show answerYES
  5. Future changes in the curriculum will improve the situation.     Show answerNO

Questions 38 – 40

Complete the summary below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text.

Too much emphasis is placed on learning (38)    . The modern school curriculum is largely a response to increased (39)    for which graduates are expected to have a much broader general knowledge. One potential solution to this could be to give individual schools (40)    regarding what is taught.

38. Show answerFacts

39. Show answerJob mobility

40. Show answerMore discretion

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers then visit the IELTS band score converter to see what your band score would be.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 2 Section 2

Go back to Section 1 | Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 2Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • This is a General Training Section 2, which means there is either two or three short reading texts that you need to use to complete the section
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

Section 2

Negotiating a pay rise

For many people, one of the hardest discussions they have with senior management is about a raise in pay. Employees often choose to look for a better paid position within another company rather than face their own boss, but that is a situation that can have a negative impact on the employee (who is seen to lack loyalty to the company) and the employer (who stands to lose a trained staff member who works well and has a good knowledge of the company). However, there are some salary negotiation tactics that might just help.

The most common error is, when finally gathering the courage to address the situation, many employees simply immediately accept whatever offer is first made. Research shows that younger job-seekers and female job-seekers often make this mistake – either from not completely understanding the negotiation process or from a dislike or discomfort with the idea of negotiating. There is, of course, the financial aspect of not receiving a higher compensation, but more importantly this can have a significant effect on motivation and morale and can eventually lead an employee who hastily accepted an inadequate offer to begin to resent both the job and the employer.

Another common error is rating your required raise based on a value you personally need or would like. Few employers care whether you have enough money to pay for your mortgage or other bills, so negotiations should be based on your value to the company, based on good research of similar companies.  In fact, one of the key factors in a successful salary negotiation is research and preparation. With the number and variety of salary resources available online — from www.salary.com and www.salaryexpert.com to professional associations – there should be no reason not to have an accurate market value in mind. However, if possible, the actual figure aimed for in the negotiation should not be revealed until the last possible moment, giving as much flexibility as possible. Immediately blurting out a figure it then becomes clear the company will not meet puts both the employer and employee in an uncomfortable position.

However, despite all the preparation and right attitude in the negotiation, there is another pitfall – declining an offer too quickly as it was lower than expected. A careful balance needs to be struck here; we have looked at the risks of accepting too quickly, but declining an offer can mean that the negotiation has nowhere to go. There are two points to consider at this juncture: a raise can also come in the form of other benefits such as better health cover, so if the money offered is low, think about discussing the perks of the job. The second point is that you have to be realistic – if the job market is low and the company is not having a particularly outstanding year, you may have to accept a lower offer. However, if this is the case, it is common to request a review of the salary at a time in the not-too-distant future.

The final point that is essential in any business negotiation is not to take any rejection or low offers personally. Employees should maintain a professional approach to their job, and a salary negotiation is no exception. If negotiations break down between you and the employer, move on graciously, thanking the employer again for the opportunity – because you never want to burn any bridges.

Section 2 Questions 15-27

Read the information below and answer Questions 15-20

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the text on the previous page?

In boxes 15-20 on your answer sheet, write

  • TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
  • FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
  • NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

15. A mistake equally common across all types of employee is the premature acceptance of the first offer for a pay rise. 
Show answer

FALSE – ‘…many employees ….Research shows that younger job-seekers and female job-seekers often make this mistake’

The difficulty with this question is the higher level of vocabulary used, and the fact that the statement is quite long. However, a very strong indicator that this statement is FALSE is thew use of the word ALL. Often when extreme words like this are used, the statement is false as the text will often state ‘many’, ‘most’ or ‘the majority’. In this case, the text states ‘many employees’ then refers to some types of employees who more commonly make this mistake. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.

16. Employees can become demoralised despite having a pay raise.
Show answer

TRUE – ‘this can have a significant effect on motivation and morale and can eventually lead an employee who hastily accepted an inadequate offer’

The key with this question is identifying that ‘demoralised’ in the question statement is expressed as ‘a significant effect on motivation and morale’ in the text. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.

17. Many people are unsuccessful in salary discussions because of poor research.
Show answer

NOT GIVEN

The text simply says that ‘one of the key factors in a successful salary negotiation is research and preparation’ – there is no mention of many people not researching. However, a useful keyword here to find the area where this is discussed is ‘research’. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.

18. It is important to clearly state what pay rise is expected at the beginning of the negotiation.
Show answer

FALSE – ‘the actual figure aimed for in the negotiation should not be revealed until the last possible moment’

This is one of the easier TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN questions – you are directly given a time frame (at the beginning of the negotiation), so all you need to do is scan for references to the amount of pay rise required and check the text for when this should be stated. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.

19. A negotiation could include a discussion of other benefits as well as salary.
Show answer

TRUE – ‘so if the money offered is low, think about discussing the perks of the job.’

This is more likely to be TRUE because of the use of ‘could’, which allows for more flexibility than ‘must’ or must not’. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.

20. You should avoid a pay negotiation when the employment market is not strong.
Show answer

NOT GIVEN

The text only says ‘be realistic’. Although not a paricularly difficult question, the most common error here is to consider the question logically without support from the text. Logically the answer would be TRUE, but remember that you are not being tested on your general knowledge or common sense – you must find support in the text for your answer to answer TRUE. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE NOT GIVEN answers are always found in the same order as the text? That means when you find one answer, you know the answer to the next question is below it so you don’t have to read the text above! For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online membership course by clicking here.


 

6 Rules for writing a successful cover letter

Rule #1
The first rule of most job applications is simple –never send your CV without a cover letter. Without it, your application will seem unprofessional and unprepared, and equally importantly, you will miss out on an opportunity to start ‘selling’ your abilities and qualifications to the potential employer.

Rule #2
When starting your cover letter, it is important to address it to a named individual rather than a general salutation like ‘Dear Sir or Madam’. It is, of course, very important that your cover letter is tailored specifically for the position you are applying for – sending an almost identical cover letter and CV to 10 employers is less likely to success than specifically targeting 2 or 3 and adapting your application to highlight the key features you feel are most relevant for the position.

Rule #3
From there, the next step is the first paragraph, and this is the point at which employers often make the crucial decision whether to consider your application or reject it. Avoid beginning with a standard, non-specific phrase such as ‘I am writing with regard the position advertised in…’; instead, try to be a little more dynamic – ‘My experience in the service industry offers much to a company that seeks motivated individuals in its employment, and am eager to put my solid education to work in a position such as the one you advertised in ..’. Obvious statements such as ‘Please find my CV enclosed’ written in a cover letter should also be avoided – the potential employer will be well aware of what has been enclosed. In total, the cover letter should never spill on to a second page – if it does, then you haven’t been succinct enough.

Rule #4
In your letter, your aim should be to highlight the areas in which the company would benefit from having you as an employee; make sure that you don’t make the mistake of writing about how the job would be of benefit to you. For example, ‘I feel that working for such a dynamic company would suit my personality’ would be better phrased as ‘I feel that I could contribute to such a dynamic company.’

Rule #5
Other points to bear in mind about your letter are that you should always avoid negativity in any form, and make sure you have included a number of ways that the employer can contact you, even if that same information is on your CV. The more work you make the employer do to offer you the job, the less inclined they may be to actually offer it. When you have finished your cover letter, read it again carefully (ideally, ask a friend to read it as you might not notice typographical or grammatical errors you have made). Once that’s done, make sure that you sign the letter by hand, preferably in blue ink to stand out from darker, printed text.

Rule #6
The final point is that if you are serious about applying for the position and are keen to get an interview, you should take the initiative in your letter and tell the employer that you will follow up. Opinions vary, but it is generally acceptable to call 3 days after sending the CV, without necessarily waiting for the closing date for applications.

Questions 21-27

For which rules are the following statements true?

Write the correct letter A-F in boxes 21 – 27 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

Rule #1
Rule #2
Rule #3
Rule #4
Rule #5
Rule #6

21. Simplify for the employer 
Show answer

Rule #5 – “The more work you make the employer do to offer you the job, the less inclined they may be to actually offer it. ”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

22. Don’t use redundant phrases 
Show answer
Rule #3 – “Obvious statements such as ‘Please find my CV enclosed’ written in a cover letter should also be avoided ”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

23. Avoid generalisations 
Show answer
Rule #2 – “rather than a general salutation … very important that your cover letter is tailored specifically for the position you are applying for ”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

24. Highlight your abilities to your employer 
Show answer
Rule #1 – “‘selling’ your abilities and qualifications to the potential employer”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

25. Focus on the employer 
Show answer
Rule #4 – “highlight the areas in which the company would benefit from having you as an employee”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

26. Add a personal touch 
Show answer
Rule #5 – “make sure that you sign the letter by hand”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

27. Keep it concise 
Show answer
Rule #3 – “In total, the cover letter should never spill on to a second page – if it does, then you haven’t been succinct enough.”

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

Show All correct answers

Do you want your answer automatically marked and converted to a band score? Enrol in our complete online IELTS course to get 15 complete practice tests, over 80 lessons on EVERY aspect of IELTS and over 350 presentation videos with audio and narration. Start achieving results today!

Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on to Section 3.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 2 Section 1

Section 1

Section 2 | Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

General Training ReadingLooking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • This is a General Training Section 1, which means there is either two or three short reading texts that you need to use to complete the section
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

 

Section 1:


TradeThem – recent advertisements

A. For sale: iPod classic 160 GB. In very good condition without protective rubber case. Headphones are gone but otherwise in perfect working order. Has 6 games. Looking for £150 but willing to accept offers.

B. 34 inch flat screen LCD television for sale. Small scratch on the top but the screen is OK. Have to sell because I am leaving the country, so will consider any offer.

C. Playstation 3 games (6 different games). Brand new, in box with manuals. Unwanted gift. All reasonable offers considered.

D. For sale – complete dining room set (6 chairs and table). In reasonable condition although may need repainting. Table can fold for storage. Buyer will need to collect. £250 (price is non-negotiable)

E. Zanussi Fridge Freezer. 1.6 metres tall. Four years old. Motor still works but door is not sealing closed (will need new seal). Free to anyone willing to collect.

F. Wanted: cheap laptop computer. Doesn’t need to be in very good condition so long as it works. Needed for word processing and surfing the internet, but not much more. Willing to pay up to £200 for the right machine. Must have all cables and accessories, as well as a carry bag.

G. Boat trailer needed. Must be able to take small boat (2 metres long).  Must be in good condition with no rust or damage. Will pay up to £250 depending on size. I can collect from anywhere in the country.

H. I am looking for any antique figurines from the Lladro collection. Will pay a good price for any authentic pieces in good condition. We will come to you to evaluate any piece that you are interested in selling, but please send a photograph of the figurine first.


Questions 1-14

Questions 1 – 7

Classify the following as relating to which advertisement.

Write A-H in your answer sheet. Use ach advert once only.

The advertiser…

1. …is willing to travel after they have seen the item.

Show answer

H (We will come to you to evaluate any piece …send a photograph of the figurine first)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

2. …does not require payment

Show answer

E (Free to anyone willing to collect.)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

3. …is selling something they were given

Show answer

C (unwanted gift)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

4. …is selling because they are relocating

Show answer

B (Have to sell because I am leaving the country)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

5. …is missing an accessory

Show answer

A (Headphones are gone but otherwise in perfect working order)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

6. …is not willing to change their price

Show answer

D (price is non-negotiable)
The key to this kind of question is to look at the negative NOT in the question. This tells you that you are looking for something negative in the text, so anything with NON- (e.g. non-negotiable) is a good area to start. For more tips and hints, become a full member of our online course by clicking here.

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

7. …is indifferent to the condition of the item

Show answer

F (Doesn’t need to be in very good condition)

This is a classifying type question, and can be confusing because you need to consider three piece of information – the rule number, the questions statement and the text. Our complete online course has individual lessons with video presentations, narration, exercises and end of lesson tests for EVERY question type, so come and join us now at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

 


Great Barrier Island water taxis

Wharf to wharf at a time that suits you – 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days of the year. Great Barrier water taxis can take you from the main harbour to any of the local marinas for a set fee using our on-demand service – you call us and tell us when you want to leave and where you want to go, and we’ll be there. Our fleet of safe, high speed and comfortable Water Taxis are driven by professional skippers who have years of local experience.

Fishing charter

Unlike road taxis, we can deliver you to more than just your final destination – we service the Hauraki Gulf so can drop you on one of the secret, secluded beaches or perfect fishing spots. Catch your own fish for dinner!  The clean and sparkling blue waters in the local area are abundant with sea life, and our knowledgeable skippers can guarantee you won’t return empty handed. Fishing charters are aboard our high speed boat, comfortable for a maximum of 4 people. A half-day fishing charter costs $275, which includes fuel and skipper.

Harbour tours

We also offer the best in harbour tours, taking you from the Great Barrier wharf to all the places of interest. Get perfect views of the city, as well as the harbour bridge, before setting off to the see the internationally famous Dorin Cliffs. From here we sail to Westhaven Marina, one of the largest marinas in the southern hemisphere and home to a wide range of pleasure boats of all shapes and sizes. Then on to Golden Sands beach before returning to the wharf via the Marble, a stunning rock formation that can’t be seen without a boat. The whole trip takes two hours, with an option to stop at Golden Sands beach and catch the next water taxi back to the wharf. The harbour tour costs $45 per person and includes tea, coffee and light snacks.

Questions 8 – 14

Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Type your in boxes 8 – 14 on your answer sheet.

8. The cost to visit a local _____ is fixed.

Show answer

Marina – ‘to any of the local marinas for a set fee’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. Grammar is important because when you have written your answer, it is essential to read the completed sentence. For example, if you answered ‘Marinas’ (with a plural -s here) your answer would be wrong because grammatically the sentence would read ‘The cost to visit a local marinas is fixed.’ (which is NOT correct – the use of ‘a’ means the following word must be a singular noun – marina). For more tips and hints, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

9. You can book a water taxi using their ________

Show answer

On demand service – ‘using our on-demand service’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. Grammar is important because when you have written your answer, it is essential to read the completed sentence. For more tips and hints, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

10. You can go fishing or spend some time on little known _________

Show answer

(secluded) beaches – ‘…drop you on one of the secret, secluded beaches or perfect fishing spots.’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. Grammar is important because when you have written your answer, it is essential to read the completed sentence. For this answer, writing ‘secluded’ is not essential – the main word that was needed was ‘beaches’. For more tips and hints, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

11. The driver and the cost of _____ are included in the half day fishing trip.

Show answer

Fuel – ‘A half-day fishing charter costs $275, which includes fuel and skipper’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. Grammar is important because when you have written your answer, it is essential to read the completed sentence. This question also required you to understand that the ‘skipper’ is the boat driver (this information was given earlier in the text), but our complete online course also has lessons and exercises and what to do when you find vocabulary you don’t know in the IELTS test. For more tips and hints, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

12. The Harbour tour includes a visit to the world renowned _______.

Show answer

Dorin Cliffs – ‘see the internationally famous Dorin Cliffs’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar.  In this case, ‘world renowned’ in the question is phrased as ‘internationally famous’ in the text. For more tips and hints on identifying synonyms and parallel expressions, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

13. The last thing passengers visit on the Harbour tour before going back to the wharf is _______.

Show answer

The Marble – ‘Then on to Golden Sands beach before returning to the wharf via the Marble’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. However, this question is also testing your ability to identify sequencing words (‘then on to…before…’). Understanding sequencing is an important part of getting a good result in the IELTS test, so for complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

14. The harbour trip costs $45 and includes drinks and _____.

Show answer

Light snacks – ‘The harbour tour costs $45 per person and includes tea, coffee and light snacks’

Sentence completion question in IELTS reading (and listening) test a range of your English skills, but the most important are the ability to find synonyms (words with the same/similar meaning) and grammar. This question also relies on a degree of logic – the question refers to the trip cost which includes drinks, so logically there is likely to be a reference to something else included in the price. The quickest way to find the answer here is to scan the text looking for the amount ($45), although keep in mind that this could be expressed as words, not a number (forty five dollars instead of $45). For more tips and hints, as well as complete lessons, exercises and practice tests, enrol in our complete online IELTS course.

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on Section 2

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 3

Go back to Section 1 | Go back to Section 2

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 3Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

Section 3

Ford – driving innovation

  1. In 1913 an American industrialist named Henry Ford employed an innovative system in his factory that changed the nature of American industry forever – the production line. Instead of a group of workers constructing a complete product, Ford’s production-line techniques relied on machine parts being moved around the factory on a conveyor belt, passing each employee who had a single task to perform before the component moved down the line. This saved time in that employees were not required to move around, collect materials or change tools; they simply stood in one place and repeated the same procedure over and over again until the end of their shift. In this way, Ford was able to mass produce the now famous Model-T car for only 10% of traditional labour costs.
  2. Working on a production line was monotonous work, undoubtedly, but it was not in the production line alone that Ford was something of a pioneer. In 1913 the average hourly rate for unskilled labour was under $2.50 and for such low wages and repetitive work, the labour turnover in Ford’s factory was high, with many employees lasting less than a month. In order to combat this problem, he took a step that was condemned by other industrialists of the time, fearful that they would lose their own workforce – he raised wages to $5 an hour. The benefits were twofold. Not only did Ford now have a stable and eager workforce, he also had potential customers. It was his intention ‘to build a motorcar for the great multitude’, and the Model-T car was one of the cheapest cars on the market at the time. At $5 an hour, many of his employees now found themselves in a position to feasibly afford a car of their own. Ford’s production practices meant that production time was reduced from 14 hours to a mere 93 minutes. In 1914 company profits were $30 million, yet just two years later this figure had doubled. Until 1927 when the last Model-T rolled off the production line, the company produced and sold about 15 million cars.
  3. Although Ford was without doubt successful, times changed and the company began losing its edge. One problem came from the labour force. Ford was a demanding employer who insisted that the majority of his staff remained on their feet during their shift. One error meant that the whole production line was often kept waiting, and Ford felt that workers were more attentive standing than sitting. Yet the 1930s saw some radical changes in the relationships between employer and employee, as an increasing number of industries were forming Labour Unions. Ford flatly refused to get involved, employing spies in the workplace to sabotage any plans for a union within his factories. Eventually a strike in the early 1940s forced Ford to deal with unions. Another example of Ford being unable to adapt came from his unwillingness to branch out. Ford’s competitors began operating the same systems and practices, but also introduced the variety Ford was lacking. The Model-T had remained essentially the same, even down to the colour, and by the time he realised his error, he had already lost his pre-eminence in the industry. Subsequent involvement in aeroplane manufacturing, politics and publishing was a failure. Leaving the company to his grandson in 1945, he died two years later leaving an inheritance estimated at $700 million.
  4. Yet the legacy of Fordism lives on. The development of mass production transformed the organisation of work in a number of important ways. Tasks were minutely subdivided and performed by unskilled workers, or at least semiskilled workers, since much of the skill was built into the machine. Second, manufacturing concerns grew to such a size that a large hierarchy of supervisors and managers became necessary. Third, the increasing complexity of operations required employment of a large management staff of accountants, engineers, chemists, and, later, social psychologists, in addition to a large distribution and sales force. Mass production also heightened the trend towards an international division of labour. The huge new factories often needed raw materials from abroad, while saturation of national markets led to a search for customers overseas. Thus, some countries became exporters of raw materials and importers of finished goods, while others did the reverse.
  5. In the 1970s and ’80s some countries, particularly in Asia and South America, that had hitherto been largely agricultural and that had imported manufactured goods, began industrialising. The skills needed by workers on assembly-line tasks required little training, and standards of living in these developing countries were so low that wages could be kept below those of the already industrialised nations. Many large manufacturers in the United States and elsewhere therefore began ‘outsourcing’ – that is, having parts made or whole products assembled in developing nations. Consequently, those countries are rapidly becoming integrated into the world economic community

Questions 28-40

Questions 28 -32

Choose the most suitable headings for Paragraphs A-E from the list below. Use each heading once only.

List of headings

  1. Effect on modern industry
  2. New payment procedures
  3. Labour problems
  4. The Model-T
  5. Creating a market
  6. Revolutionary production techniques
  7. The Ford family today
  8. Impact on the global economy
  9. Overseas competition
  1. Paragraph A
    Show answer VI
  2. Paragraph B
    Show answer V
  3. Paragraph C
    Show answer III
  4. Paragraph D
    Show answer I
  5. Paragraph E
    Show answer VIII

Questions 33 -37

Answer the following questions using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.

  1. What was the main saving of production line techniques?
    Show answer Time
  2. What level did Ford cut production costs down to compared with more traditional methods of the time?
    Show answer 10%
  3. When was the last Model-T Ford produced?
    Show answer 1927
  4. What did Ford unsuccessfully oppose the organisation of?
    Show answer Labour Unions
  5. What is the name given to the principles of mass production and associated practices
    Show answer Fordism

Questions 38 – 40

Complete the following summary using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS FROM THE TEXT.

One of the long-term effects of Ford’s business practices was that many developing countries became industrialised as a result of (38) . For those working in the factory, the skills for (39) were easily acquired and (40) was minimal.

38. Show answer Outsourcing

39. Show answer Assembly line tasks

40. Show answer Training

 

Show All correct answers

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 Completed the reading test? Check your band score using the band score converter

 

IELTS speaking practice test 2

IELTS speaking test 2

This section of the site is for you to try a complete IELTS speaking test. The timing of each section is automatic and follows the standard IELTS pattern. Ideally, we recommend speaking aloud when answering the questions and recording yourself, so you can play it back later and listen to your pronunciation, grammar and content.

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IELTS speaking practice test 2

Part 1

“Do you often go shopping for clothes?”

Show answer“Well, I like to dress well but I don’t really enjoy going out to buy clothes. It can take such a long time to find something that I like, and then I have to go to the changing rooms to try it on and make sure it’s a good fit, and even then sometimes when I get home I find that they are not as comfortable as I thought. I much prefer to go shopping for electronic goods – I can spend hours looking at things like laptop computers or iPods.”

“Do you think it’s important to dress well?”

Show answerI think that really depends on what you intend to do that day. As I mentioned, I like to look smart, but if it’s a weekend or in the evening, it’s much more important to dress comfortably. I wear smart clothes to work, of course, and many of my colleagues wear ties or dark business dresses. Our company has a policy that on Fridays it’s OK to wear more casual clothes, so I might go into work wearing jeans but I would always wear a clean, ironed shirt – never just a t-shirt.

“Do you have particular national dress in your country?”

Show answer“Well, yes, we do. On certain days of the year, then men would wear black trousers and a white shirt, often with a thin red scarf. The women wear a black dress and a white shirt, but have a scarf that is more orange in colour. The clothing is a lot more elaborate that normal though, with a lot of embroidery and designs. Many people also have the shirts or blouses made of silk too, so they can look very striking.”

“I’d like to talk about the news now. Do you often read newspapers?”

Show answerWell, not very often. There is a free local newspaper that gets delivered every week and I have a quick look through that, but I rarely buy a newspaper. If I do, it would be one of the national papers. I sometime read The Tribune when I’m at work, in my coffee breaks, but mostly just the headlines. I don’t really have a lot of free time to sit and relax with a paper. If I do have time, I prefer to listen to music or watch television.

“Where do you go to get news?”

Show answerHmmm… a lot of the time I would just find that out when I’m surfing the internet, or sometimes I watch the news on the television. I’m more interested in local news, so I can get some information from the free local paper. I think that sometimes newspapers and the television will sometimes sensationalise the pieces that they present and very often have a bias when they are reporting events, especially if they are political. A lot of what I know about the news actually comes from talking with my colleagues at work – they seem much more informed about events than me!

“Do you listen to news broadcasts on the radio?”

Show answerNo, not really. Sometimes when I’m driving I might listen to the short news broadcasts that comes on every hour, but only because the radio is on. I wouldn’t make a special effort to tune in just for the news. The problem with the news on the radio is that it is much less informative because it doesn’t have any images to show what is happening. For instance, the recent tsunami was being described on the radio just a few days ago, and they were discussing the amount of damage caused, but it was only when I saw the images on the television that I really got a feel for the amount of destruction that had been caused.

“Let’s move on to talk about holidays. Did you often go on holiday when you were a child?”

Show answerI wouldn’t say often, as both my parents worked, but I do remember some family holidays we took together. They were always fun, even if the weather wasn’t so good. We would go to the beach with a little caravan and spend about a week there – we always went to the same place. Sometimes it would be warm enough to go swimming in the sea, but if not, we would play games as a family, or go into the town to the cinema and somewhere nice to eat. The thing I remember most is that it was when we all got to spend the most time together, and everyone had fun.

“Would you prefer to travel overseas for a holiday?”

Show answerNo, not particularly. Of course, it’s always interesting to see other places and experience other cultures, but I think you can have a perfectly good holiday in your country. I guess it also depends on whether or not you have children to think about. Taking a family of four to another country, especially if that means flying, can be very expensive and can take a day or two off your holiday just travelling. Having said that, though, I think it’s always good to be in warm country when you’re on holiday and sometimes that does mean travelling abroad.

“Do you have plans for a holiday in the future?”

Show answerYes, definitely! As soon as I have taken my IELTS test and got the results I need, I am going to France to visit by brother and his family. They moved over there a few years ago and I haven’t been yet so I am going to treat myself to a 10 day break. I’m really looking forward to it, and it’ll be nice to get away after having studied for this test for the last few months. After that holiday, though, I will be looking for a new job so probably won’t have much time off for a while, so I’m going to make the most of my trip to Paris.

“Have you ever been on a long journey?”

Show answerErr…yes, I have. I suppose my longest journey would be travelling to England to visit relatives last year. It’s a 14 hour flight from here, and it was the longest I have ever been on an aeroplane. The journey out was fine – I thought it would be quite boring, but it was one of the newer aircraft with a movies, television and computer games available, so there was lots to do. The return trip wasn’t so good though – there was a young child sitting in the row in front of me, and for most of the flight he was crying and screaming. I don’t suppose he was much older than three. So that wasn’t so good for me, although I did feel sorry for the parents – they look so tired by the time we landed!

“Do you prefer to travel alone or with other people?”

Show answerWell, there are benefits to both travelling with others and travelling solo. With other people around, the trip can be more fun, and you get to share experiences and talk about them with people that have seen and done what you have. On the other hand, I like the independence of travelling by myself. I choose when I stop, where I eat, where I go – and this is often better than having to get your travel companions to agree before you do anything. I guess the ideal way to travel would be with someone else who also likes to be independent sometimes, so you can travel together but also spend some time alone.

 

Part Two

Describe a place you’d like to live in the future
You should say:

  • Where it would be
  • What it would be like
  • Who you would live with

You should also say why you would like to live there.

Show answer“Well, I’d really like to live somewhere that has a comfortable temperature, not too hot or too cold. I think New Zealand has the perfect climate for me – although there are 4 different seasons, it can still reach temperatures of over 25 degrees in the summer, and in some places it doesn’t freeze in the winter, even overnight, so that would be good for me. I have heard that it’s also a beautiful country – I’ve seen some photographs of the national parks and they look amazing. I think they have even used the landscapes in a lot of movies like Lord of the Rings.
Of course I would take my family with me, which is another reason to think New Zealand would be a good place to live – it has a reputation of being such a safe country, so would be perfect as I have two young children who are about to start school. My wife is a nurse, and like most countries, New Zealand is also in desperate need of more people with a medical background in the workforce, so I think it would be easier for her to get a job in a hospital. In addition to everything I have already mentioned, I have also heard that New Zealand has a relatively small population – I think there are about 5 million people – and they are a very welcoming and friendly nation. In my country, most people live in the city and it is often overcrowded, so moving to a country that has some open spaces would be perfect.
I would like to live somewhere near one of the larger cities. Maybe not right in the middle of the city, but close so that it’s accessible if I need to go. But regardless of all of these positive aspects of living in New Zealand, I don’t think we would every actually move there. We have a wide circle of friends here, and our parents both live nearby, so we see them quite often. I think perhaps the ideal situation would be to live somewhere for a few months of the year, but not permanently. That wouldn’t really work for the children though, as that would interrupt their school schedule a little too much.”

 

Part 3

“What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a rural area?”

Show answerHmmm…. There are a number of clear advantages when considering health implications. City life tends to be much more hurried, leading to greater degrees of stress and tension, so a clear advantage of living in the countryside is that people tend to live much more stress-free lives. They don’t have to contend with traffic jams, queues and the sheer number of people. There is also the environmental factor. The air quality in the city I live in is particularly bad – a combination of exhaust fumes, industrial pollution and a number of other factors. In the countryside, the environment is cleaner and this has obvious health benefits. However, there are issues about living in the countryside that I would find a problem. Shopping, for example – I like the fact that I can get almost anything I need without travelling too far, but living in more rural areas you wouldn’t have access to the array of shops you have in the city.

“Has the standard of living changed much in your country over the last ten years?”

Show answerWell, there are still significant differences between rich and poor people, with some people continuing to live well below the poverty line, but in general I think there has been a significant change. There has been an increase in tourism over recent years which has brought money into the country, and that has improved most people living conditions. There has also been a much greater focus on education, with an increasing number of children attending school, which of course will have a significantly positive effect on the standard of living here in the future. However, there has been only minimal progress with regards healthcare, so I would say the standards there haven’t really improved very much.

“Do you think more people will choose to leave their native country and live abroad in the future?”

Show answerWell, I think that a greater number of people may choose to travel to other countries, and may find a location they would prefer to live in than their home country. However, many people are not emigrating permanently, and may choose to return to their country of birth. In the future, I think that this migration is probably going to continue, but the main difference will be that travel becomes more affordable so even lower income families will have the option to relocate overseas, so the numbers will increase. Of course, it’s likely that some of the countries that are currently so heavily favoured, such as the USA or the UK, will be less popular destinations in the future, so an increasing number of people may choose to live in countries that at the moment we don’t really think about for immigration.

“Do you think students should be encouraged to study overseas? ”

Show answerThat would very much depend on their course of study. I would say that the benefits of studying science related subjects overseas are limited. Although you may get to see how other countries conduct research or experimentation, the basic rules and operating procedures in science will not vary between countries. However, I would say that there would be substantial advantages for students on courses involving people or language. For example, if studying the English language, it can be extremely beneficial to spend some time living in an English speaking country. Also, for a student studying design related subjects, it could be extremely advantageous to see other countries to absorb other perspectives and influences. Having said that, however, studying overseas should only be encouraged if it could be offered equally to all students, not just to those whose families could afford the costs.

Do you think that increased mobility has had a negative effect on communities?

Show answerHmmm…that’s not something I’ve ever really thought about, but…I suppose there are changes to local communities when people leave and new people arrive, but I wouldn’t agree that they were necessarily negative. New arrivals into a community may be able to offer new things that would definitely benefit the local people, but then there is also the lack of long term bonds that can often be a significant part of smaller communities. Living in a city, there is less of a community feeling and that does have an effect on social behaviour, I think. We have problems with vandalism and graffiti that I imagine would be much less common in a community where everyone knows each other and people are easily recognised. However, I would say that on the whole an increase in people’s ability to move to other communities is a positive thing.

 

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Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 2

Go back to Section 1 | Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 2Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • This is a General Training Section 2, which means there is either two or three short reading texts that you need to use to complete the section
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

Section 2

Read the text below and answer the questions that follow.

Corbridge teacher training

Welcome to the Corbridge teacher training course. Please keep this guide with you throughout the course so you know the structure of what you are studying.

Week 1
In the first week, trainees are typically introduced to different teaching methodologies and styles as modelled by your trainers. This first week requires a significant amount of reading and discussion, but at this point you will not be expected to do any teaching.

Week 2
During your second week, classroom practice begins. At this stage you will be delivering short lessons to small groups of students. You will not be required to plan the lessons at this point, but you will be observed by your peers. You will also be expected to hand in your first draft of assignment 1 – a lesson plan (at this point you will still be permitted to use published resources).

Week 3
At this point comes an intensive study into grammar; although you may know which tenses and voice to use for each situation, you need to develop the ability to actually impart this information in a coherent and learnable manner. For many trainees, it can come as a surprise to find that they actually had no clear understanding of the mechanics of their own language, and this can be as difficult to learn as it is for non-native speakers! You will also be presenting to larger groups of students and will be formally marked on your classroom performance. The first assignment needs to be handed in to your teacher trainers.

Week 4
You will deliver five lessons to varying group sizes, ages and on different aspects of the language; each lesson will be monitored and your final grade based on how you are assessed.  You will also be required to hand in your second assignment. Remember that, unlike the first assignment, this assignment must be computer typed.

NOTE: Towards the end of the course, the numbers of lessons trainees have to deliver increases, as does the criticism of their performance. There is a high dropout rate from the third week as many people find the pressure of being assessed by their mentors and their peers too much to handle, and the rate at which trainees leave increases in the following week. If you are feeling under pressure it is important to talk to your teacher trainer immediately.

Questions 15-20

For which rules are the following statements true? Write the correct letter A-D in boxes 15 – 17 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.

  • A. Week #1
  • B. Week #2
  • C. Week #3
  • D. Week #4

15. The first assignment must be completed.
Show answer

C (week 3) – “The first assignment needs to be handed in to your teacher trainers” (in Week 2 a draft needs to be submitted)

16. The first assessed teaching is done.
Show answer

C (week 3) – “You will also be presenting to larger groups of students and will be formally marked on your classroom performance”

17. Different ways of teaching are demonstrated.
Show answer

A (week 1) – “different teaching methodologies and styles”

Look at the statements below. In boxes 24 – 26 on your answer sheet write,

  • TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
  • FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
  • NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

18. Assignment 1 can be hand written.
Show answer

True – “Remember that, unlike the first assignment, this assignment must be computer typed”.

19. The grammar training is easy for native speakers.
Show answer

False – “For many trainees, it can come as a surprise to find that they actually had no clear understanding of the mechanics of their own language, and this can be as difficult to learn as it is for non-native speakers!”

20. The fourth week has the most trainees quitting the course.
Show answer

True – “There is a high dropout rate from the third week …and the rate at which trainees leave increases in the following week”.

 

Questions 21-26 relate to the reading passage below.

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

To all staff

Starting the 3rd of next month, there will be a number training sessions for all staff. Attendance at the first and second session is compulsory, as well as one additional session which you may choose from the remaining options.  Please note that seating may be limited so you should arrange with your supervisor which of the sessions you would like to attend.

Session 1: Dealing with complaints. Ms Weldgrove will be facilitating this session aimed at making sure that all staff are aware of current office policy regarding complaints.  There have been some incidents recently that have not been handled effectively so this session will focus on appropriate procedures when dealing with complaints. As this is a compulsory session, attendance will be high so we will be using the main conference room on the third floor.

Session 2: Company image. As you should all be aware, the company is changing its image and branding colours, and this is expected to be completed within the next month. This will require a number of changes to the logo, stationery and uniforms for front-of-house staff. Business cards will be changed, although this is expected to take a little longer. Mark Lorins has organised and will run this training session, focusing on what is expected from your during the changeover period. This will also be held in the conference room on the third floor

Session 3: Word processing suite. Gordon Sumner will be offering training in the new word processing software that is being installed in all departments over the next few weeks. There will also be a guest speaker from MacroSwift to introduce the new Visual Presentation software. The session will be in the computer room; there are 70 places available for this seminar so it is recommended you confirm attendance as soon as possible to avoid disappointment.

Session 4: Internal communication systems. This is more of a refresher course, in that Jane Williams will be running through policies and procedures for internal messaging that you should already be familiar with. She will be joined by Ruth Madocs from the HR department. Due to space requirements, this session will be held in the conference room in the Logan Hotel.

Questions 21-23

Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 21-23 on your answer sheet.

21. Staff…

  • A. must attend all sessions.
  • B. must attend only the first and second session.
  • C. do not have to attend if they make arrangements with their supervisor.
  • D. must attend 3 sessions.


Show answer

D – “Attendance at the first and second session is compulsory, as well as one additional session”

 

22. The first session…

  • A.is about how to make a complaint.
  • B. has been arranged because of previous problems.
  • C. will be held outside the company.
  • D. is likely to have few attendees.


Show answer

B – “There have been some incidents recently that have not been handled effectively so this session will focus on appropriate procedures when dealing with complaints.”

 

23. The third session…

  • A. is the only one to have two facilitators
  • B. will have 2 speakers from another company
  • C. is already fully booked
  • D. has limited seating


Show answer

 D – “there are 70 places available for this seminar”

Questions 24-26

Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 24-26 on your answer sheet.

24. Which session will not be held in the company? 
Show answer

Session 4: “this session will be held in the conference room in the Logan Hotel.”

25. Which session will have two facilitators from within the company? 
Show answer

Session 4: “Jane Williams … joined by Ruth Madocs from the HR department” (session 3 has a facilitator from another company)

26. Which session is to prepare staff for future changes? 
Show answer

Session 2: “… changing its image and branding colours, and this is expected to be completed within the next month”

27. Which session is to discuss recent problems? 
Show answer

Session 1: “Dealing with complaints…. There have been some incidents recently that have not been handled effectively”

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on to Section 3.

Free IELTS General Training Reading test 1 Section 1

Section 1

Section 2 | Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (General Training) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

General Training ReadingLooking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons.

Important notes before you begin this section of the test:

  • There is a box beside each question for you to write your answer
  • When you have finished (or after any question) click the ‘Show answers’ link to see the answer(s) and an explanation. To have your answers automatically marked and instantly converted to a band score, join our complete online IELTS course
  • This is a General Training Section 1, which means there is either two or three short reading texts that you need to use to complete the section
  • When you have finished on this page, count the number of correct answers you have and make a note. When you have completed the full test, go to the band score converter to find out your approximate IELTS band score

 

Section 1:


Dear Householder,

Request for unwanted but useful items for school jumble sale

As part of this year’s fund-raising event, Edgehill College will be holding a jumble sale on May 24th. All profits will be used to assist in funding of the new children’s play ground in the centre of town.

We are now requesting donations of unwanted but useful items of usable quality to sell on our jumble sale stalls. We would much appreciate donations in any of the following categories:

  • Clothes – Please place washed items in bags or boxes and mark them ‘For Men’, ‘For Women’ or ‘For Children’
  • Kitchenware – any items are of use (e.g. plates, cups, glasses, cooking utensils, kitchen equipment such as food mixers etc), currently in short supply.
  • Books– complete books (no missing pages), we are especially looking for children’s novels.
  • Miscellaneous – Ornaments, pictures, toys, games, handbags etc. Please place in boxes and write the names of the items inside clearly on the box.

We will also be collecting food which will be donated to the local homeless shelter. If you wish to make a food donation please provide tinned, dried or packet foodstuffs only.  Please do not donate food items that are likely to spoil.

If you are able to, please bring your donated items to the school reception (Monday to Friday between 9.30am and 3.00pm).  Otherwise, for larger loads, if you are unable to get to school, we can arrange for a member of the team to collect your items. Please ring 762 8894 and ask to speak to Mr William Taylor our School Liaison Officer who will arrange for one of our volunteer parents to pick up your donation.

On a final note, we are also still looking for additional volunteers to take care of stalls on the day of the jumble sale.  The event will take place between 9.30am and 2pm. If you are free on that day and willing to help out, please contact the Deputy Headmistress Mrs Jayne Browne on 762 8889.

Thank you in advance for your help and support. We look forward to seeing you on May 24th.

Best wishes
Karl Blackman
Headmaster


Questions 1-14

Read the information below and answer Questions 1-4

Match the pictures below to the appropriate statement. Write the correct letter A-D in boxes 1 – 4 on your answer sheet.

1. Should only be packaged in boxes.
2. The school does not have many of these items to sell at the moment.
3. Should be labelled in one of three ways.
4. The school wants more of these which would be suitable for youngsters.

IELTS General Training reading test

1.
Show answer

B – ‘Miscellaneous – Ornaments, pictures, toys, games, handbags etc. Please place in boxes and write the names of the items inside clearly on the box.’

This type of question can be complicated as you need to consider 3 parts – the text, the written statements and the pictures. The key to this type of question is to look first NOT at the question statement but at the pictures and match them with an area of the text. Picture B, for example, shows children’s toys, so scan the text looking for references to toys. Once you have found the reference, go back to the statements and match them. In this case,  the text says ‘Please place in boxes‘. To practice this type of question and get video presentations and exercises to improve your skills, as well as your own dedicated online tutor, then enrol in our complete online IELTS course here.

2.
Show answer

C – Kitchenware – any items are of use (e.g. plates, cups, glasses, cooking utensils, kitchen equipment such as food mixers etc), currently in short supply.

This type of question can be complicated as you need to consider 3 parts – the text, the written statements and the pictures. The key to this type of question is to look first NOT at the question statement but at the pictures and match them with an area of the text. Picture C, for example, shows kitchen tools, so scan the text looking for references to kitchen tools, equipment or kitchenware. Once you have found the reference, go back to the statements and match them. In this case,  the text says ‘Currently in short supply‘. To practice this type of question and get video presentations and exercises to improve your skills, as well as your own dedicated online tutor, then enrol in our complete online IELTS course here.

3.
Show answer

D – Clothes – Please place washed items in bags or boxes and mark them ‘For Men’, ‘For Women’ or ‘For Children’

This type of question can be complicated as you need to consider 3 parts – the text, the written statements and the pictures. The key to this type of question is to look first NOT at the question statement but at the pictures and match them with an area of the text. Picture D, for example, shows clothing, so scan the text looking for references to clothing, clothes and other related synonyms. Once you have found the reference, go back to the statements and match them. In this case,  the text says ‘mark them ‘For Men’, ‘For Women’ or ‘For Children’. NOTE: This type of question i IELTS can be tricky as it also states that items should be placed in bags or boxes, so a common error is to quickly select the first statement (‘Should only be packaged in boxes.’). However, note the use of ONLY in the question. To practice this type of question and get video presentations and exercises to improve your skills, as well as your own dedicated online tutor, then enrol in our complete online IELTS course here.

4.
Show answer

A – ‘Books– complete books (no missing pages), we are especially looking for children’s novels.’

This type of question can be complicated as you need to consider 3 parts – the text, the written statements and the pictures. The key to this type of question is to look first NOT at the question statement but at the pictures and match them with an area of the text. Picture A, for example, shows a book, so scan the text looking for references to books or reading. Once you have found the reference, go back to the statements and match them. In this case,  the text says especially looking for children’s novels.‘. To practice this type of question and get video presentations and exercises to improve your skills, as well as your own dedicated online tutor, then enrol in our complete online IELTS course here.

 

Questions 5-9

Look at the statements below. In boxes 5 – 9 on your answer sheet write,

  • TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
  • FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
  • NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

5. The event is being held to raise money for school facilities.
Show answer

FALSE – ‘All profits will be used to assist in funding of the new children’s play ground in the centre of town. ‘

As with many TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions, this question is testing your ability to identify synonyms or parallel expressions. In this case, ‘raise money’ is expressed as ‘All profits’. Did you know that TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions always come in the order of the test? That means if you find the answer to one question in the second paragraph, then the next answer will be below that in the text, so you can ignore the first paragraph! For more essential tips, hints and practice, come and join us at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com.

6. The school is collecting fresh fruit and vegetables to donate to a homeless shelter.
Show answer

FALSE – ‘If you wish to make a food donation please provide tinned, dried or packet foodstuffs only. Please do not donate food items that are likely to spoil.’

This question is testing your ability to identify direct facts. You should know by now that the text is about a school collection, so the first step would be to find the reference in the text that talks about why the school is collecting money Did you know that TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions always come in the order of the test? That means if you find the answer to one question in the second paragraph, then the next answer will be below that in the text, so you can ignore the first paragraph! For more essential tips, hints and practice, come and join us at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com.

7. Items will be picked up by volunteers between 9.30am and 3pm.
Show answer

NOT GIVEN – ‘If you are able to, please bring your donated items to the school reception (Monday to Friday between 9.30am and 3.00pm).Otherwise, for larger loads, if you are unable to get to school, we can arrange for a member of the team to collect your items.’ – The text does not say when the items will be collected, only when they can be taken to school.

8. Mr William Taylor will make arrangements for items to be collected.
Show answer

TRUE – ‘Please ring 762 8894 and ask to speak to Mr William Taylor our School Liaison Officer who will arrange for one of our volunteer parents to pick up your donation.’

9. All helpers for the event are now confirmed.
Show answer

FALSE – ‘On a final note, we are also still looking for additional volunteers to take care of stalls on the day of the jumble sale. ‘

 


Examples of Books Available at Edgehill School Jumble Sale!

  1. A delightful children’s story suitable for those who have recently started to learn to read. The tale and illustrations follow the story of the heroic Sam and the friends he meets on his travels across Europe. Great fun for parents and children to enjoy together.
  2. A must for any art appreciator.  Informative historical accounts and full page illustrations based upon acclaimed Masters from France, Italy and Germany during the 19th and 20th Century.
  3. Young and enquiring minds will adore this book. Over 500 pages of information ranging from the field of science to history, geography and art. This special addition also includes end of chapter quizzes to check understanding.  A superb learning tool!
  4. Lovers of hiking and the great outdoors will appreciate this! It has lots of information on lesser known tracks for those wishing to escape the more usual paths and trails used by the masses. Enjoy this picturesque part of the country in solitude.
  5. A useful handbook for lovers of the great outdoors.  Informative regarding tips for lighting campfires, setting up and cooking. An up to date list of various places to stay throughout the country.
  6. An academic appreciation and comparison of inspiration in the past.  Exploration of art work in Egyptian and Greek culture and its significance in evolution of creativity.
  7. Stimulate your children’s natural curiosity and artistic flair – a wide range of subject matters are covered, from bird and wildlife – easy to follow steps from creative models and drawings to Plaster of Paris modeling and origami.

The list of book titles has seven story descriptions A-G. Choose the correct title for each book from the list of titles below. Write the correct number i-ix in boxes 10 – 14 on your answer sheet.

List of Book Titles

  • I A Guide to Walks in the Peak District
  • II The Children’s Guide to Bird-watching
  • III European Art
  • IV Get the Most out of Camping
  • V Ancient Art
  • VI The Children’s Encyclopedia
  • VII Creative Pastimes for Children
  • VIII Mystical Egypt
  • IX The Adventures of Sammy Swan

EXAMPLE Book A ix

10. Book B
Show answer

iii – ‘A must for any art appreciator. Informative historical accounts and full page illustrations based upon acclaimed Masters from France, Italy and Germany during the 19th and 20th Century.

11. Book C
Show answer

vi – ‘Young and enquiring minds will adore this book. Over 500 pages of information ranging from the field of science to history, geography and art. This special addition also includes end of chapter quizzes to check understanding. A superb learning tool!’

12. Book D
Show answer

i – ‘Lovers of hiking and the great outdoors will appreciate this! It has lots of information on lesser known tracks for those wishing to escape the more usual paths and trails used by the masses. Enjoy this picturesque part of the country in solitude. ‘

EXAMPLE Book E iv

13. Book F
Show answer

v – ‘An academic appreciation and comparison of inspiration in the past. Exploration of art work in Egyptian and Greek culture and its significance in evolution of creativity.’

14. Book G
Show answer

vii – ‘Stimulate your children’s natural curiosity and artistic flair – a wide range of subject matters are covered, from bird and wildlife – easy to follow steps from creative models and drawings to Plaster of Paris modeling and origami.

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on Section 2

Free IELTS Academic Reading test 2 Section 3

Go back to Section 1 | Go back to Section 2

This free IELTS reading test (Academic Module) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

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Section 3:

The dawn of culture

In every society, culturally unique ways of thinking about the world unite people in their behaviour. Anthropologists often refer to the body of ideas that people share as ideology. Ideology can be broken down into at least three specific categories: beliefs, values and ideals. People’s beliefs give them an understanding of how the world works and how they should respond to the actions of others and their environments. Particular beliefs often tie in closely with the daily concerns of domestic life, such as making a living, health and sickness, happiness and sadness, interpersonal relationships, and death. People’s values tell them the differences between right and wrong or good and bad. Ideals serve as models for what people hope to achieve in life.

There are two accepted systems of belief. Some rely on religion, even the supernatural (things beyond the natural world), to shape their values and ideals and to influence their behaviour. Others base their beliefs on observations of the natural world, a practice anthropologists commonly refer to as secularism.

Religion in its more extreme form allows people to know about and ‘communicate’ with supernatural beings, such as animal spirits, gods, and spirits of the dead. Small tribal societies believe that plants and animals, as well as people, can have souls or spirits that can take on different forms to help or harm people. Anthropologists refer to this kind of religious belief as animism, with believers often led by shamans. As religious specialists, shamans have special access to the spirit world, and are said to be able to receive stories from supernatural beings and later recite them to others or act them out in dramatic rituals.

In larger, agricultural societies, religion has long been a means of asking for bountiful harvests, a source of power for rulers, or an inspiration to go to war. In early civilised societies, religious visionaries became leaders because people believed those leaders could communicate with the supernatural to control the fate of a civilization. This became their greatest source of power, and people often regarded leaders as actual gods. For example, in the great civilisation of the Aztec, which flourished in what is now Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, rulers claimed privileged association with a powerful god that was said to require human blood to ensure that the sun would rise and set each day. Aztec rulers thus inspired great awe by regularly conducting human sacrifices. They also conspicuously displayed their vast power as wealth in luxury goods, such as fine jewels, clothing and palaces. Rulers obtained their wealth from the great numbers of craftspeople, traders and warriors under their control.

During the period in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Europe known as the Age of Enlightenment, science and logic became new sources of belief for many people living in civilised societies. Scientific studies of the natural world and rational philosophies led people to believe that they could explain natural and social phenomena without believing in gods or spirits. Religion remained an influential system of belief, and together both religion and science drove the development of capitalism, the economic system of commerce-driven market exchange. Capitalism itself influences people’s beliefs, values and ideals in many present-day, large, civilised societies. In these societies, such as in the United States, many people view the world and shape their behaviour based on a belief that they can understand and control their environment and that work, commerce and the accumulation of wealth serve an ultimate good. The governments of most large societies today also assert that human well-being derives from the growth of economies and the development of technology.

Rapid changes in technology in the last several decades have changed the nature of culture and cultural exchange. People around the world can make economic transactions and transmit information to each other almost instantaneously through the use of computers and satellite communications. Governments and corporations have gained vast amounts of political power through military might and economic influence. Corporations have also created a form of global culture based on worldwide commercial markets. As a result, local culture and social structure are now shaped by large and powerful commercial interests in ways that earlier anthropologists could not have imagined. Early anthropologists thought of societies and their cultures as fully independent systems, but today, many nations are multicultural societies, composed of numerous smaller subcultures. Cultures also cross national boundaries. For instance, people around the world now know a variety of English words and have contact with American cultural exports such as brand-name clothing and technological products, films and music, and mass-produced foods.

In addition, many people have come to believe in the fundamental nature of human rights and free will. These beliefs grew out of people’s increasing ability to control the natural world through science and rationalism, and though religious beliefs continue to change to affirm or accommodate these other dominant beliefs, sometimes the two are at odds with each other. For instance, many religious people have difficulty reconciling their belief in a supreme spiritual force with the theory of natural evolution, which requires no belief in the supernatural. As a result, societies in which many people do not practice any religion, such as China, may be known as secular societies. However, no society is entirely secular.

Questions 23 – 40

Questions 23 – 29

Do the following statements agree with the opinion of the writer? Write
YES if the statement agrees with the writer
NO if the statement does not agree with the writer
NOT GIVEN if there is no information about this in the passage.

  1. People from all around the world are united by the way they think about culture.    Show answer No
  2. Our ‘values’ are the most important aspect of ideology.    Show answer Not Given
  3. Secularism is the most widely accepted system of beliefs, values and ideals.    Show answer Not Given
  4. Shamans act as intermediaries between spirits and the living.    Show answer Yes
  5. Agricultural societies benefited from religion.    Show answer Not Given
  6. All the people from the Aztec civilisation were rich.    Show answer No
  7. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, European people began turning towards science.    Show answer Yes

Questions 30 – 34

Complete the summary of the reading text using words from the box.

belief latter religion faith ascendancy
former rational decline animism shaman

There are two main (30)     systems which can contribute to our ideology – animism and secularism. The (31)     can be said to dominate older civilisations and tribal societies, whereas larger, more contemporary societies have gone in a more (32)     and scientific direction. One reason that explains the (33)     of more secular beliefs is the importance given to other factors, such as free will and capitalism. Nonetheless, (34)     remains at least to some degree even in the most secular of societies.

30.    Show answer Belief

31.    Show answer Former

32.    Show answer Rational

33.    Show answer Ascendancy

34.    Show answer Religion


Questions 35 – 40

Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

  1. What are beliefs, values and ideals specific categories of?     Show answer Ideology
  2. What was said to be necessary for the continuation of sunrise and sunset in ancient Mexico?     Show answer Human sacrifice OR human blood
  3. In Europe, what title was given to the advance of science and logic?     Show answer Age of Enlightenment
  4. What two things influenced the development of capitalism?     Show answer Religion and science
  5. Before modern advances in technology, what did anthropologists consider societies to be?     Show answer Fully independent systems
  6. What theory is symbolic of the tensions between religion and science?     Show answer Natural evolution

 

Show All correct answers

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Free IELTS Academic Reading test 2 Section 2

Go back to Section 1 | Go to Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (Academic Module) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS Academic Reading test 1 Section 1Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons. There are individual lessons on every question type used in the IELTS test, as well as tips and hints to help you achieve your IELTS goals.

 

When you have finished the test, make a note of the number of correct answers and move on to Section 3.

Section 2:

The development of the magazine

In almost every kind of waiting room you can imagine, be it a dentist’s or a car showroom, you will find them. No matter how much of a minority sport, interest or hobby you may have or take part in, you will almost certainly find one devoted to it. Over the past 20 years, magazines have become so popular that they are now outselling most newspapers.

The forerunners of magazines were nothing like the glossy, colourful affairs they are now. They were small printed pages announcing forthcoming events and providing a little local information. They became popular during the seventeenth century, when the idea was exported around Europe. Magazines became thicker, and were not only informative but also entertaining. In addition, literary magazines began to publish short literary works. Indeed, many classic authors of the period first published their material in magazines such as The Tatler and Gentleman’s Magazine. However, they remained more of a hobby than a business, generating only enough income to cover production costs.

The American Magazine, first published in 1741, was the aptly named first magazine to be available in America. Launched in Philadelphia, it was available for only a few short months, and was soon replaced by more popular (although In the early nineteenth century, the nature of magazines changed as illustrated magazines and children’s magazines made their appearance. The illustrations were immediately popular, and within a few years every magazine was brightening its pages with them.

The Industrial Revolution that hit Europe around this time also had a great impact. With the advent of better quality printing processes, paper and colour printing techniques, magazines became lucrative as local businesses began to pay previously unimaginable prices for advertising space. This heralded a new era within the industry as magazines now represented a significant source of income for publishers.

Towards the end of the nineteenth century, better standards of education were resulting in a higher degree of literacy, and this of course meant that there was an increasing number of markets to be exploited, and with better transportation, the means developed with which to reach these markets. The most conclusive factor, however, in the rise of magazines came about with the rise of national advertising. Previously, advertising in magazines had remained relatively local, but with the birth of the concept of national markets, where goods could be delivered to almost any destination and at previously unheard-of speeds, advertisers were willing to pay for as wide a coverage as possible in as many magazines as they thought would usefully promote their products.

Competition inevitably increased and this led to the development of new magazines. In the following years, magazines became more specialised, significantly rivalling newspapers as the dominant form of media and paving the way for the wealth of choices available today.

It was at this point that magazine owners and editors found another area which would guarantee a wider circulation. Attributed to Samuel S. McClure, editor of the American magazine McClure’s, the early 1900s saw the advent of the gossip column, in which the private lives of prominent political or social figures was investigated by those who became known as ‘muckraking journalists’. They would invade the privacy of anyone they thought would interest the public, exposing secrets or even fabricating stories in order to raise the circulation of their magazine.

As the circulation of magazines increased, they began at first to reflect, then to influence, popular opinion. This led to them being heavily used by both sides during World War I and World War II as propaganda, inspiring people to join and fight against the enemy. Most people have, at some time in their life, seen the ubiquitous picture of the British General Kitchener pointing out of the poster with the slogan ‘Your Country Needs You!’ printed below, exhorting people to join the army during World War I. It was in magazines that this picture had such wide coverage.

In the 1950s, magazines took a heavy blow at the hands of the new medium of advertising – television. With sound and pictures now on offer, many magazines lost business and faced collapse as advertisers took their business to television studios. Magazines became even more specialised, hoping to still find new markets, and that is why today we find so many obscure titles on the shelves. There is no doubt that the magazine has come a long way from its humble beginnings, but when you can buy magazines devoted to the art of Body Painting or informing us of the latest Caravan Accessories, or read about the latest gossip from another Hollywood star, you have to wonder if magazines have actually come a long way in the right direction.

 


Questions 11 – 22

Questions 11 – 14

Choose the correct answer A–D

11. The earliest magazines

  1. had a number of similarities with modern magazines
  2. were intended for women
  3. focused on hobbies
  4. were very different from magazines today.

    Show answer D

12. Magazines became a highly profitable business when

  1. they were exported around Europe
  2. they began including illustrations
  3. advertisers began paying more for space
  4. they included short stories.

    Show answer C

13. How have magazines retained their popularity despite increased competition?

  1. By influencing popular opinion.
  2. By specialising.
  3. Because of the war.
  4. Through cooperation with television.

    Show answer B

14. McClure’s magazine

  1. was a respected political and social publication
  2. was the first publication to specialise in invasive journalism
  3. was the most popular American publication of 1900
  4. had the highest circulation of any magazine.

    Show answer B


Questions 15 – 18

Look at the following statements and decide if they are right or wrong according to the information given.

Write TRUE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN if there is no information about this in the passage.

  1. Lady’s Book was written by women.     Show answer Not given
  2. After the Industrial Revolution, magazines sold more copies than newspapers.     Show answer Not given
  3. Better education supported the rise of magazines.     Show answer True
  4. Magazines began to influence popular opinion.     Show answer True

Questions 19 – 22

Answer the following questions using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS

  1. With what form of journalism did Samuel McClure guarantee more sales of his magazine?    Show answerMuckraking journalism
  2. What allowed the exploitation of new markets in the late 1800s?    Show answer Better transportation (better education created new markets but it was better transportation that allowed for their exploitation)
  3. Whose picture was in many magazines during World War I?    Show answer (General) Kitchener
  4. What stopped the increasing rise of magazines?    Show answer Television

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on to Section 3

Free IELTS Academic Reading test 2 Section 1

Go to Section 2 | Go to Section 3

This free IELTS reading test (Academic Module) has the same question types, content style, length and difficulty as a standard IELTS test. To get started simply scroll down to read the texts and answer the questions.

Free IELTS Academic Reading test 2 Section 1Looking for more reading practice tests? Our online course has over 15 complete practice tests as well as end of lesson tests and reading texts used in the lessons. There are individual lessons on every question type used in the IELTS test, as well as tips and hints to help you achieve your IELTS goals.

 

To see which of your answers were marked as correct or incorrect, click ‘Show answer’. When completed, move on to Section 2.

Section 1:


A running controversy

In 1988, Canadian athlete Ben Johnson set a new world record for the 100 metres sprint and set the Seoul Olympics alight. Just a few days later, he was stripped of his medal and banned from competing after having failed a drug test, highlighting what has since become an international problem – drug use in sport.

Those involved in sports face enormous pressure to excel in competition, all the more so as their careers are relatively short. By the time most sportspeople are in their forties, they are already considered to be past their prime, and as a result they need to earn their money as quickly as possible. In such a high-pressure environment, success has to come quickly and increasingly often drugs are playing a prominent role.

There are a number of specific effects that sportspeople are aiming to achieve by taking performance-enhancing drugs. Caffeine and cocaine are commonly used as stimulants, getting the body ready for the mass expenditure of energy required. In addition, there are those who are looking to build their body strength and turn to the use of anabolic steroids. Having worked so hard and needing to unwind, sportspeople may misuse other drugs to relax, cope with stress or boost their own confidence. Alcohol is common on such occasions, but for sportspeople something more direct is often required, and this has led to an increase in the use of beta-blockers specifically to steady nerves.

Increasingly accurate drug testing is leading to ever-more creative ways of avoiding detection, and there are a range of banned substances that are still taken by sportspeople in order to disguise the use of other, more potent drugs. Diuretics is a good example of this: in addition to allowing the body to lose excess weight, they are used to hide other substances.

Drugs or not, the working life of the average sportsperson is hard and often painful. Either through training or on the field, injuries are common and can lead to the use of narcotics simply to mask the pain. There are examples of champion motorcyclists taking local anaesthetics to hide the pain of a crash that should have seen them taken straight to hospital, and though this is not directly banned, use is carefully monitored.

Drug testing has since become an accepted feature of most major sporting events, and as soon as a new drug is detected and the user is banned from competitive sport, then a new drug is developed which evades detection. Inevitably, this makes testing for such banned substances even more stringent, and has in recent years highlighted a new and disturbing problem – the unreliability of drug tests.

Recent accusations of drug use have seen sportspeople in court attempt to overthrow decisions against them, claiming that they were unaware they had taken anything on the banned list. A test recently carried out saw three non-athletes given dietary substances that were not on the banned list, and the two who didn’t take exercise tested negative. However, the third person, who exercised regularly, tested positive. This, of course, has left the testing of sportspeople in a very difficult position. Careers can be prematurely ended by false allegations of drug abuse, yet by not punishing those who test positive, the door would be open for anyone who wanted to take drugs.

The issue is becoming increasingly clouded as different schools of opinion are making themselves heard. There are some that argue that if the substance is not directly dangerous to the user, then it should not be banned, claiming that it is just another part of training and can be compared to eating the correct diet. Ron Clarke, a supporter of limited drug use in sport, commented that some drugs should be accepted as ‘they just level the playing field’. He defended his opinion by pointing out that some competitors have a natural advantage. Athletes born high above sea level or who work out in high altitudes actually produce more red blood cells, a condition which other athletes can only achieve by drug taking.

Others claim that drug use shouldn’t be allowed because it contravenes the whole idea of fairly competing in a sporting event, adding that the drugs available to a wealthy American athlete, for example, would be far superior to those available to a struggling Nigerian competitor.

Governing bodies of the myriad of sporting worlds are trying to set some standards for competitors, but as drug companies become more adept at disguising illegal substances, the procedure is an endless race with no winner. In the face of an overwhelming drug and supplement market, one thing is certain – drugs will probably be a significant factor for a long time to come.

Questions 1 – 10

Questions 1 – 4

Label the diagram below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.

Free IELTS Academic Reading test 2 Section 1

 

 

1.    Show answer Cocaine

2.    Show answer Anabolic steroids

3.     Show answer Relaxants

4.     Show answer Mask pain

 

Questions 5 – 8 Answer the following questions using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text.

  1. Why are sportspeople under such pressure to succeed quickly?     Show answer Short careers
  2. What has subsequently become necessary in a number of sports?     Show answer Drug testing
  3. What does Ron Clarke claim drugs can balance?     Show answer Natural advantage
  4. What are drug companies becoming more able to do to avoid detection?     Show answer Disguise illegal substances

Questions 9 and 10

Complete the summary using words from the text. USE NO MORE THAN ONE WORD.

The main failure of drug testing is its increasing (9)      in the face of creative drug companies. (10)      of drug use have serious side effects on sportspeople even if they are subsequently proved wrong.

9.  Show answer Inaccuracy

10.  Show answer Allegations

Show All correct answers

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Once you have finished, check your answers and keep a record of your correct answers, then move on Section 2